Rocked by protests against the Centre’s proposed Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, Assam’s Bodo-populated areas were on edge for another reason last week.
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Below is today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (The peace holds: On Assam blasts case verdict) – Feb 05, 2019.
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Today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (The peace holds: On Assam blasts case verdict) – Feb 05, 2019
1. Rock (verb) – झुलाना
Meaning – Cause great shock or distress to (someone or something), especially so as to weaken or destabilize.
Synonyms – stun, shock, stagger/surprise.
Sentence – The international tennis scene has been rocked by a series of drug stories.
2. On edge (phrase)
Meaning – nervous, uneasy, unsettled.
3. Rip through (phrasal verb)
Meaning – move forcefully & rapidly and damage/destroy something very quickly.
4. Clamour (noun) – कोलाहल
Meaning – A strongly expressed protest or demand from a large number of people.
Synonyms – protest, complaint, outcry/commotion.
Sentence – The growing public clamour for more police officers on the beat.
5. Perpetrator (noun) – अपराधी
Meaning – someone who does immoral, harmful and illegal activities.
Sentence – Even now, the offspring of the perpetrators deny it ever happened.
6. Exact (verb) – बलपूर्वक लेना
Meaning – Inflict (revenge) on someone.
Synonyms – impose, deliver/administer.
Sentence – As in Greek tragedy, the past exacts its revenges.
7. Faction (noun) – गुट
Meaning – A small organized dissenting group within a larger one, especially in politics.
Synonyms – sect, group, division.
Sentence – The left-wing faction of the party.
8. Ceasefire (noun) – संघर्ष विराम
Meaning – a temporary stoppage of a war.
Synonyms – suspension of hostilities, cessation of hostilities, peace
Sentence – The latest ceasefire seems to be holding.
9. Predecessor (noun) – पूर्वाधिकारी
Meaning – previous holder of the post
Synonyms – ancestor, antecedent.
Sentence – Our predecessors, as journalists and readers, were far less squeamish.
10. Give up (phrasal verb)
Meaning – abandon, forgo, renounce/surrender.
11. Espouse (verb) – सहायता देना
Meaning – Adopt or support (a cause, belief, or way of life)
Synonyms – Embrace, endorse, take up.
Sentence – She espoused the causes of justice and freedom for all.
12. Secession (noun) – अपगमन, संबंध-विच्छेद
Meaning – The action of withdrawing formally from membership of a federation or body, especially a political state.
Synonyms – withdrawal, breakaway, separation/splitting.
Sentence – The republics want secession from the union.
13. Carve out (phrasal verb)
Meaning – create, establish (something with effort).
14. Ebb (verb) – अवनति, कमज़ोर पड़ना
Meaning – (of tidewater) move away from the land
Synonyms – recede, subside, retreat.
Sentence – The tide began to ebb.
15. Militant (noun) – आतंकवादी, युद्धकारी
Meaning – Favouring confrontational or violent methods in support of a political or social cause.
Synonyms – extremist, radical, fanatic.
Sentence – In the ensuing gun battle one foreign militant was killed.
16. Erstwhile (adjective) – भूतपूर्व
Meaning – Former
Synonyms – old, previous
Sentence – The erstwhile president of the company.
17. Chant (verb) – मंत्र, गुणगान करना
Meaning – Say or shout repeatedly in a sing-song tone.
Synonyms – sing, repeat, shout.
Sentence – Protesters were chanting slogans.
18. Convulsion (noun) – ऐंठन, आक्षेप
Meaning – A violent social or political upheaval.
Synonyms – agitation, disturbance, disorder.
Sentence – This was a time of political and social convulsion throughout Europe.
19. Fringe (adjective) – किनारा, झालर
Meaning – the outer/marginal part (of a group).
Synonyms – unorthodox, offbeat, alternative, avant-garde, experimental
Sentence – His uncles were on the fringes of crooked activity.
20. Redux (adjective)
Meaning – brought back; revived
Sentence – Damian has the veneer of the angry young man redux.
21. Hamstring (verb) – पंख काटना
Meaning – Cripple (a person or animal) by cutting their hamstrings.
Synonyms – handicap, constrain/restrict.
22. Account for (phrasal verb)
Meaning – constitute, make up, comprise/form.
23. Purview (noun) – परिधि
Meaning – Range of experience or thought.
Synonyms – range, scope, ambit.
Sentence – One is that ‘every human action takes place within the purview of moral judgment.’
24. Agnostic (adjective) – संशयवादी
Meaning – Relating to agnostics or agnosticism.
Synonyms – sceptical, doubting, cynical.
Sentence – I’m quite agnostic about synchronicity unless it seems really powerfully relevant to me.
25. The way forward (phrase)
Meaning – something (a plan/action) that leads to success in the future.
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