The inquiry by former Supreme Court judge Justice B.N. Srikrishna into the allegations against former ICICI Bank CEO Chanda Kochhar has taken eight long months to confirm what seems apparent – that she did not conduct herself as she should have in relation to conflict-of-interest issues.
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Below is today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Not kosher: on Chanda Kochhar case) – Feb 01, 2019.
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Today’s Vocabulary for The Hindu Editorial (Not kosher: on Chanda Kochhar case) – Feb 01, 2019
1. Kosher (adjective) – वास्तविक
Meaning – Genuine and legitimate.
Synonyms – authentic, real, actual, original.
Sentence – She consulted lawyers to make sure everything was kosher.
2. Allegation (noun) – आरोप
Meaning – A claim or assertion that someone has done something illegal or wrong, typically one made without proof.
Synonyms – claim, charge, accusation.
Sentence – He made allegations of corruption against the administration.
3. Apparent (adjective) – स्पष्ट
Meaning – Clearly visible or understood; obvious.
Synonyms – evident/clear, noticeable, ostensible.
Sentence – This becomes apparent in wet conditions, when the driver’s skill comes to the fore.
4. In relation to (phrase)
Meaning – regarding, concerning, with respect to.
5. Sanction (noun) – प्रतिबंध
Meaning – A threatened penalty for disobeying a law or rule.
Synonyms – approval, official permission, assent.
Sentence – A range of sanctions aimed at deterring insider abuse.
6. A long way to go (phrase)
Meaning – continue to work hard to achieve/realise something (a goal/aim).
7. In return (phrase)
Meaning – in exchange for, in consideration of, against.
8. Conspiracy (noun) – षड़यन्त्र
Meaning – A secret plan by a group to do something unlawful or harmful.
Synonyms – secret plan, collusion, intrigue.
Sentence – A conspiracy to destroy the government.
9. Err (verb) – ग़लती होना
Meaning – Be mistaken or incorrect; make a mistake.
Synonyms – make a mistake, be wrong, be incorrect.
Sentence – I’ll even shout out when I believe the company has erred in its judgement.
10. Disburse (verb) – चुकाना
Meaning – Pay out (money from a fund)
Synonyms – give, spend/expend.
Sentence – These individuals are able to disburse their funds quite easily.
11. There is no denying (phrase)
Meaning – it is undoubtedly true.
12. Suspicious (adjective) – संदेहजनक
Meaning – Having or showing a cautious distrust of someone or something.
Synonyms – mistrustful, sceptical, doubtful.
Sentence – He was suspicious of her motives.
13. Optics (noun) – प्रकाशिकी
Meaning – (typically in a political situation) the way in which an event is recognized by the public.
Sentence – One thing is for sure, the policy’s optics are bad.
14. Fiduciary (adjective) – ज़िम्मेदार व्यक्ति
Meaning – Involving trust, especially with regard to the relationship between a trustee and a beneficiary.
Synonyms – trustful, trustworthy.
Sentence – The company has a fiduciary duty to shareholders.
15. Claw back (phrasal verb)
Meaning – retrieve, retake, reclaim.
16. Divest (verb) – ले लेना
Meaning – Deprive someone of (power, rights, or possessions)
Synonyms – deprive, strip, dispossess/relieve of (power).
Sentence – The grant of a licence to occupy, however, will not divest the owner of control.
17. Entitlement (noun) – पात्रता
Meaning – The amount to which a person has a right.
Synonyms – allowance, allocation, grant.
Sentence – Her annual leave entitlement.
18. Whistle-blower (noun) – मुखबिर
Meaning – one who reveals others’ illegal activities in public or to the government/authority.
Synonyms – informant
Sentence – They received information from a whistle-blower, reported the story, and protected their source
19. Influence (verb) – प्रभाव
Synonyms – persuade, convince, manipulate.
Sentence – On the southern slopes of the mountain the climate is heavily influenced by the sea.
20. Lapse (noun) – चूक
Meaning – A brief or temporary failure of concentration, memory, or judgement.
Synonyms – failure/blunder, mistake/error, negligence/oversight.
Sentence – This lead to the lapse of judgement involved in ordering the uber-drinks.
21. Up one’ game (phrase)
Meaning – to improve in a way so that one can perform well like others.
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